L'intelligence est-elle génétique ou apprise?

Question

On vous a peut-être dit que vous êtes aussi intelligent que vos parents ou que vous découvrez parfois que vous devenez plus intelligent en étudiant plus dur., Well research made by scientists shows that genetics is a determinant for intelligence but not all of it.

About half of your intellectual capacity is obtained from genetics while there are micro factors that constitute the other half.

Intellectual Factors

This genetic component determines the upper limit of your intelligence, C'est, the maximum intelligence you can realise.

Your environment determines whether you actually reach this maximum level.

C'est-à-dire, environmental factors are key to reaching your full intellectual capacity.

Environmental factors, such as the way your parents raise you, the culture you were born into, your educational background, and your circle of friends, determine about 50% of your intelligence.

Such environmental factors are especially important when you are young.

If you grow up with a poor diet and in an environment that does not really value education, you will be less intelligent than if you grow up with a healthy diet and are encouraged to do well in school.

Scientist are now searching for the genes that contribute to intelligence.

Dans les années récentes, we have learned that many, perhaps thousands, of genes are involved with little effect.

Another particularly interesting recent finding is that the genetic influence on measured intelligence appears to increase over time, d'environ 20 per cent in infancy to 40 per cent in childhood to 60 per cent in adulthood.

Une explication possible pourrait être que les enfants recherchent des expériences qui correspondent à leurs tendances génétiques et les développent ainsi pleinement..

La capacité de prédire le potentiel cognitif à partir de l'ADN pourrait s'avérer extrêmement utile.

Les scientifiques pourraient utiliser l'ADN pour essayer de déchiffrer les voies de développement entre les gènes, intelligence, cerveau et esprit.

Crédit:

https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/is-intelligence-hereditary/

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