Qui est Jackson Pollock
Paul Jackson Pollock (janvier 28, 1912 - Août 11, 1956) était un peintre américain et une figure majeure du mouvement expressionniste abstrait.
Il était largement remarqué pour sa technique consistant à verser ou à éclabousser de la peinture domestique liquide sur une surface horizontale. («Technique goutte à goutte»), enabling him to view and paint his canvases from all angles. It was also called ‘action painting’, since he used the force of his whole body to paint, often in a frenetic dancing style. This extreme form of abstraction divided the critics: some praised the immediacy and fluency of the creation, while others derided the random effects. Dans 2016, Pollock’s painting titled Number 17A was reported to have fetched US $200 million in a private purchase.
A reclusive and volatile personality, Pollock struggled with alcoholism for most of his life. Dans 1945, he married the artist Lee Krasner, who became an important influence on his career and on his legacy. Pollock died at the age of 44 in an alcohol-related single-car accident when he was driving. En décembre 1956, four months after his death, Pollock was given a memorial retrospective exhibition at the Museum of Modern Art (MoMA) a New York. A larger, more comprehensive exhibition of his work was held there in 1967. Dans 1998 et 1999, his work was honored with large-scale retrospective exhibitions at MoMA and at The Tate in London.