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स्कॉलरसार्क.कॉम में आपका स्वागत है! आपका पंजीकरण आपको इस प्लेटफॉर्म की अधिक सुविधाओं का उपयोग करने की अनुमति देगा. आप सवाल पूछ सकते हैं, योगदान दें या उत्तर दें, अन्य उपयोगकर्ताओं के प्रोफ़ाइल देखें और बहुत कुछ. अभी पंजीकरण करें!

MRI tool watches how electrical stimulation could cure digestive disorders

से ज्यादा 60 लाख लोग अमेरिका में. suffer from disorders in the gastrointestinal tract that could be cured by electrical stimulation, but scientists don’t fully understand the therapy’s effects on a critical organ: the stomach. Purdue University researchers used an MRI to show a play-by-play of how sending electrical stimulation to the vagus nerve successfully corrects stomach complications. The technique paves the way for more precise treatment that drugs and dietary changes have not achieved.

Liu stomach gifA new MRI technique helps scientists to understand how the stomach responds to vagus nerve stimulation, which could offer more precise treatment for digestive disorders. (Purdue University video/Kun-Han Lu) छवि डाउनलोड करें

“अंततः, by asking a patient to undergo multiple MRI scans with different electrical stimulation settings, we could figure out the best stimulation setting for alleviating that particular patient’s symptoms,” said Kun-Han “टॉम” Lu, a Ph.D. student in electrical and computer engineering.

The work, which is published as the cover of the journal Neurogastroenterology and Motility in its October 2018 मुद्दा, aligns with Purdue’s विशालकाय छलांग उत्सव, acknowledging the university’s global advancements made in health, longevity and quality of life as part of Purdue’s 150th anniversary. यह साल भर चलने वाले उत्सव के चार विषयों में से एक है विचार महोत्सव, वास्तविक दुनिया के मुद्दों को हल करने वाले बौद्धिक केंद्र के रूप में पर्ड्यू को प्रदर्शित करने के लिए डिज़ाइन किया गया.

Digestive disorders create a medical burden of billions of dollars every year.

One important indicator of a digestive disorder is the rate at which the stomach empties of food, बुलाया “gastric emptying,” into the small intestine for the absorption of nutrients. Slow gastric emptying in the disorder gastroparesis, उदाहरण के लिए, means that stomach muscles aren’t moving properly.

Stimulating the vagus nerve would allow doctors to control how fast the stomach empties, effectively curing gastroparesis.

Some stimulation protocols for the stomach in humans already have FDA approval, but they’ve proved only partially effective,” कहा Terry Powley, Purdue’s Distinguished Professor of तंत्रिका विज्ञान and the director of the SPARC (Stimulating Peripheral Activity to Relieve Conditions) परियोजना, an initiative of the National Institutes of Health to map out the stomach’s neural circuitry.

Liu stomachPurdue University researchers Kun-Han Lu (बाएं) and Zhongming Liu (अधिकार) are providing real-time assessment of stomach function to inform better therapies. छवि डाउनलोड करें

As part of the SPARC project, Purdue researchers proposed using MRIs in small animals to get a better view of the effects of vagus nerve stimulation on the stomach.

MRIs are non-invasive, show tissue contrast well and make it easier to repeat an experiment for verification,” Lu said. A YouTube video is available at https://youtu.be/ewsx0g2suSE.

Lu stimulated the vagus nerve to control the pyloric sphincter in rats, the valve that controls food leaving the stomach and entering the small intestine. He then created 3D reconstructions of MRI images over time. The images showed that stimulation relaxed the pyloric sphincter, speeding up gastric emptying to potentially correct delayed emptying in the case of gastroparesis, or other kinds of gastrointestinal malfunction.

This method provides the physiological information for understanding the impacts of any treatment so that it can be fine-tuned for a specific organ or a specific disorder,” कहा Zhongming Liu, के सहायक प्रोफेसर जैवचिकित्सा अभियांत्रिकी and electrical and computer engineering.

The researchers plan to push the technology to retrieve even more information about gastric physiology and conduct their own tests of different treatments on gastric disorders.

स्रोत: www.purdue.edu, कायला विल्स द्वारा


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