What is Political Geography?
Political geography is the study of the physical and human geography of political entities, with special consideration given to their spatial organization, including how they are classified and subdivided, and how their interactions affect their boundaries.
Political geography is a multidisciplinary academic field that includes the geographical study of politics and the application of a geographic perspective to political phenomena.
Although social scientists have been studying political space for hundreds of years, geographical approaches to political questions became institutionalized only in the 20th century.
What is Political Geography? All You Need To Know About Political Geography
Political geography is the study of the physical location and distribution of political structures and institutions.
To support its accompanying presentation, this article especially focuses on contemporary liberal democracy.
In today’s world, it is quite challenging to make sense out of all the political structures and deals that take place around us. We need to know what makes a particular country different from another country in order to understand how power works within a society or nation-state.
A good starting point for understanding a country’s structure is to look into its borders and identify which countries it shares borders with most of the time.
In this article, we will explore what you need to know about political geography as well as some recent developments in the field.
The world is divided into many countries and each country has its own government. Each of these governments have different political systems, which are primarily classified according to the degree of democracy that they hold.
There are three types of political systems: democracy, military rule, and authoritarianism. These types of systems have been classified on the basis of their freedom and rights.
Democracy is a system in which citizens are free to elect their leaders, who then represent them in making policies for their community. Military rule is a form of government in which power is wielded by the army or other armed groups that take charge after a coup or revolution (usually with military backing).
History of Political Geography
The history of political geography dates back to the ancient Greeks. It is a vast subject that covers geographical, economic, and social issues.
One of the earliest texts in this field was The Geography by Strabo that was published in 15 BC. The text is still read today and has been translated into numerous languages. Other important texts include The Geography of Strabo by Pomponius Mela in 40 AD and The Geography of Claudius Aelianus by Claudio Aelianus (Aelian) in 150 AD.
The first use of political geography was during the development of the nation-state. Prior to this, political geography only dealt with a small part of geography and had an obvious bias.
Other uses of political geography include military power, and the formation and de-formation of states.
Major Types of Political Geography
Political geography is a part of international relations and describes the physical and human geography of the world.
Political geography is the study of how people organize and govern themselves spatially. It can be broken down into three major types:
1) National Geographic, which deals with the physical location of a state or government,
2) International Geography, which deals with how people within a country interact with other countries and regions around them, and
3) Urban or Regional Geography, which is concerned specifically with cities.