What is the medical term for inflammation of the bone?
Osteomyelitis is an infection and inflammation of the bone or the bone marrow. It will happen if a microorganism or mycosis enters the bone tissue from the blood, because of injury or surgery. once a bone gets infected, the bone marrow (the soft half within the bone) swells and presses against the bone’s blood vessels. The bone cells cannot get enough blood and components of the bone could die. The infection will unfold to the encircling muscles and different soft tissues, inflicting pus to gather within the space. this can be called Absess.
A bone infection is sometimes caused by microorganism, however generally different organisms like a plant could also be the cause. the foremost common microorganism explanation for Osteomyelitis is coccus aureus. different microorganism causes embrace strep group A and group B, H. influenzae, coliforms, and bacteria genus aeruginosa, all of which may be related to long open skin ulcers that penetrate deep into the bone or with a traumatic injury that penetrates all the way down to the bone. Bones area unit typically well protected and do not become infected simply.
Bone infection will occur if:
• there is trauma to the bone, or a bone has been broken and is sticking through the skin
• there is Associate in Nursing adjacent infection of close soft tissue that spreads to the bone beneath
• it is carried to the bone via the blood
• there is poor circulation (as seen in diabetes)
An infection will unfold into the bone in many ways. It will enter throughout bone surgery or through a broken bone that protrudes through the skin. It can even unfold from Associate in Nursing infected implant, like a knee, into the encircling bone. Any contaminated object that pierces the bone, like a chunk of metal from a automobile accident, will cause Associate in Nursing infection.
Infection in soft tissue, like muscles or organs, will develop in a part that has been hurt or has poor blood circulation. Once the infection seems, it will then unfold to the close bone.
Children could develop bone infections in their arms and legs from an infection carried from another a part of the body through the blood. Adults tend to develop infections within the bones of their spine (spinal vertebrae) through this route.
Orthopedic surgery, like hip replacement or knee replacement, wherever a chunk of metal is hooked up to a bone, will cause infection. The infection could occur early once surgery if microorganism from the surface of the skin contaminated the factitious hip or knee. The infection could occur years later if microorganism enter the blood and area unit carried to the factitious hip or knee.
People who take illicit medication by injection and other people on urinary organ qualitative analysis area unit at higher risk for developing Osteomyelitis because of the upper risk of blood infections in these teams.