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Education in Burundi now identified as core focus in its development vision

The government of Burundi has identified education as a core focus of its long-term development vision. In 2016 Burundi allocated 27.5% of its public expenditure budget to education, equivalent to 9% of GDP (Source: Ministry of Finance).

a child in Burundi during the back-to-school campaign. Credit: UNICEF Burundi/Haro

The current education sector plan, Programme sectoriel de développement de l’éducation et de la formation (PSDEF) covers the years 2012-2020 and sets out to “achieve universal primary education and to educate the majority of youth until they reach an age where they can find their place in society.”

To achieve this vision, the government of Burundi has laid out the following sector priorities:

  1. Decongestion of schools and increased fluidity between education levels through:
    • classroom construction,
    • reduction of repetition rates,
    • reduction of double-shift classrooms so as to increase actual learning time.
  2. Reform of the secondary school cycle to introduce a nine year basic education cycle and encourage secondary school enrollment after six years of primary
  3. Strengthening sector-management through:
    • accelerated decentralization,
    • improvement in financial management, human resource management, pedagogical supervision,
    • data collection,
    • better construction planning and management.
  4. Increasing equity through:
    • reduction of double-shift schools, disadvantageous to both teachers and students,
    • inclusion of gender issues in the curriculum,
    • increased support to students with special needs by working with NGOs and other partners to establish pilot programs,
    • construction of accessible schools.


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